This paper considers the characteristics of risk and the important influences of the human
element, innovative solutions and complex engineered systems on the future of maritime
safety. Residual risk remains once all practicable steps have been taken to manage the
Everyone involved in the design, build and operation of ships has a responsibility for ensuring that accidents do not occur either to the ship or its systems or to the people who are working and living onboard.
Crises are a well-known element of the working environment at sea. Life on board entails risks and as a consequence elaborate safety plans and training exercises are often reviewed and rehearsed in order
to address potential crisis situations.
Firefighting and Damage Control; etc. Livesaving; Personal Survival/Medical; Communications /Search and Rescue; Crisis Management; Security; Training and Drills, & Lessons LearnedDownload PDF
A guide to useful design principles of operability which can make the operation of ships safer and easier, reducing the risks of accident.